The 12 most popular programming languages ​​to learn in 2022

Although the demand for programmers is increasing year by year and there are many jobs in companies, there are not so many people who can fill them, which is the perfect opportunity to make the leap into IT this year.

Whether it’s the beginning of your IT career or a career change, one thing is clear: a developer job will provide you with professional and financial stability not only in 2022, but for years to come, especially if you know the programming languages. that employers are looking for.

But there are hundreds of programming languages, as Wikipedia says, so if you think it is a very important decision which programming courses for beginners to start with or what to continue with, we have prepared a list of the most popular languages ​​for you. of programming from 2022, searched not only worldwide, but also in Romania, as well as possible jobs that you can access with them, to find out which one is right for you.

The reality is that the top most searched programming languages ​​change from year to year, so while it’s helpful to keep up with the latest development trends, it’s important not to get lost in trend and popularity “contests.” The best languages ​​of 2022 are mostly also the ones that we have been teaching at Codecool for several years and will continue to grow in the years to come.

1. Python programming language

Python is one of the most sought after and used programming languages ​​that employers need right now, especially in back-end web development. It has grown a lot in recent years and maintains an upward trend, due to its usefulness in AI (artificial intelligence), data science, and machine learning.

It is a dynamic programming language created by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. It can be used to create desktop widgets as well as web applications or frameworks.

It is one of the easiest programming languages ​​to learn and use because it has few quirks and a simple syntax that can be easily understood by even those with no coding experience.

Python is most often used as a scripting and automation language, but it can also be used for data analysis.

The Python programming language can open up many career opportunities for you, it can qualify you for jobs as a software engineer, Python developer, research analyst, or data engineer.

2. JavaScript programming language

Perhaps the most modern programming language, Javscript is at the top of developer preferences year after year, and shows no signs of being superseded in the future, especially since it’s the foundation of web development.

JavaScript is a programming language with which you can build interactive websites. It is one of the fundamental technologies of the Internet, along with HTML and CSS.

JavaScript is mostly used for front-end web development (you can of course use it in back-end web development as well) and is relatively easy to learn, even if you’re new to programming. You can write JavaScript directly in the browser, but it can behave differently from browser to browser. In addition to websites, javascript can also be used to create chatbots, system scripts, or even games.

There are many jobs in the job market for those who write javascript code. The most popular are JavaScript developer or front-end developer, which requires not only knowledge of JavaScript, but also knowledge of HTML and CSS.

3. Java programming language

Java is an object-oriented programming language that was released in 1995 and today it is the most popular programming language in the world, as well as the most stable.

The Java programming language is widely used precisely because of its stability and scalability, which makes it highly sought after by businessmen. It can be used for desktop applications with a graphical interface, mobile applications (mobile web development) or applications and even web servers, being very versatile and compatible with many platforms.

There is a shortage of java programmers in the job market, so deciding to learn this programming language will guarantee you many career opportunities. Java can also be a starting point for learning more complex languages ​​like C, C#, or C++.

4. Programming languages ​​C and C++

An “old school” programming language, one of the first to appear, C is just as relevant today as it was when it was released in 1970.

Yes, it may sound more tempting to learn recently released programming languages, but C has the advantage of being the language on which dozens of programming languages ​​are based that derive from or were influenced by its syntax and paradigm (among them are even Java, Javascript , C# and D). Therefore, you will be able to understand them very easily once you understand C. Therefore, having knowledge of C language is very helpful for a programmer who wants to learn more advanced languages.

C is a flexible and versatile procedural programming language that allows the programmer maximum control with a minimum of commands. The C language has very few keywords and semantic structures, but it is not very easy to learn, especially for a programming beginner. Prepare for a steep learning curve, but all your efforts will pay off.

Because many people turn to newer programming languages, learning the C programming language can set you apart in the job market because C remains year after year in employer preferences, especially if you want to work in game development and programming. of systems.

C++ programming language

The C++ programming language is an updated version of the C language.

C++ can be called a hybrid language because it is a combination of a procedural language and an object-oriented programming language.

The main difference between C and C++ is the functionality of classes and objects and the inheritance relationship between base classes and classes derived from them.

C++ is a scalable language with which you can build resource-intensive applications, such as desktop applications or graphics-intensive games. So if you want to work as a developer in the gaming industry, C++ is the right language for you.

5. PHP programming language

PHP is a programming language created especially for web development. PHP is a simple programming language for beginners, but at the same time it offers many advanced features for an experienced developer.

Although there are developers who consider PHP to be an outdated programming language, it remains relevant even in 2021. According to Best Programming Language, 80% of the top 10 million websites in the world use PHP.

Because PHP is so widely used today, there are many jobs available for PHP developers in the market.

6. C# Programming Language (C sharp)

C# is an object-oriented programming language that was released in the year 2000 and was intended to be a competitor to the Java language, to which it is very similar.

C# is a versatile programming language, with which you can create applications for Windows, but also applications for the web or for mobile devices. C# has the fastest evolution and is one of the languages ​​used to build applications on the .NET framework.

Job opportunities for C# developers are numerous, so studying this programming language can be considered a true career investment.

7. The F# Programming Language (F sharp)

Like C#, F# is also a .NET programming language. Unlike other programming languages, F# code is not loaded with semicolons, braces, or other symbols, so you can solve a problem with fewer lines of code than in any other programming language.

Because F# is a .NET language, developers have unlimited access to information and tools from .NET contributors. F# is supported on most platforms, including smartphones or Linux.

The F# language is ideal for specialized fields such as data analysis or business development. Although F# is not as popular as C#, some .NET developer jobs require knowledge of the F sharp language and C sharp.

8. SQL programming language

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a programming language used to work and communicate with databases. SQL can help you manage databases that contain millions or even billions of cells of data. The SQL language is also very useful for those who want to manage or create servers.

Most organizations work with large volumes of data and need SQL experts. Knowledge of SQL can help you land jobs as an SQL developer, data analyst, business intelligence (BI) analyst, or database administrator (DBA).

9. Kotlin Programming Language

Kotlin is a hybrid language that combines functional programming features with object-oriented programming features. It was designed to work perfectly with Java, but it is a more concise programming language that allows you to solve common programming problems with just a few lines of code.

Kotlin is one of the newer programming languages ​​on the market, but it has already distinguished itself as Google’s preferred language for developing Android applications. As the popularity of this language grows, so do the career opportunities for Kotlin developers. The most popular jobs for Kotlin connoisseurs are Kotlin developer or Android developer.

10. The Go Programming Language

The Go or Golang programming language was created in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson for Google. Go’s syntax is simple and easy to understand, which is why Go surpassed Python to become the easiest programming language to learn.

Go is twice as fast as any other programming language because it uses basic routines instead of threads and allows programmers to work with millions of simultaneous routines. Although Go is a programming language with a lot of potential, it is still in its infancy and has certain shortcomings that its predecessors such as Java or Python do not have.

Precisely because it is so new, the Go language does not offer you as many professional opportunities, with fewer Go developer jobs than Java or Python developers.

11. Rusty Programming Language

Rust is a C and C++-like programming language that was developed by Mozilla in 2015. The Rust language has a modern management system and can be installed with any operating system or embedded system. It’s versatile code, with which you can build everything from operating systems and kernels to web browsers and games.

However, Rust is not the easiest programming language and can be overwhelming for a beginner. Learning Rust syntax and programming rules is not enough, it is also necessary to have logical and precise thinking. Previous experience with programming languages ​​such as C, C++, Python, or Java will prove invaluable to a developer who wants to learn Rust.

There aren’t many Rust developer positions available on the market, precisely because Rust is still in its infancy, and companies prefer to bet on higher-profile programming languages.

12. Fast programming language

Created by Apple in 2014, Swift is a programming language that is compatible with Apple operating systems and frameworks.

The Swift language is similar to Python and Ruby and was designed to be easy to use for beginners aspiring to become software engineers. Swift code has many elements in English, making it easy to read even for non-programmers.

Because Swift was created by and for Apple, this programming language gives you the opportunity to work your way up to an iOS developer job. So if you want to develop software and apps for Apple products, then Swift is the programming language you want to learn.

When you make a choice, it is necessary to take into account the specificities of the language, your knowledge in the field, but also the diversity of offers in the job market to which you are given access. At the moment, the working platforms in Romania emphasize Java, C++ and PHP.

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