Cloud storage: what it is, what it is for and what types exist

The digital industry operates on the basis of information. Many times, this is used for the short term, and most of the documents created and saved by a user on a certain device are important for the moment. After that, the documents are either deleted or forgotten.

If a document no longer serves any purpose, it is recommended to delete it, as it takes up memory and this affects how efficiently the device processes commands. A very common problem occurs when the memory of a laptop or smartphone is almost full, and because of this, the device is very difficult to load even with simple tasks. Therefore, it is very important that document storage is carried out efficiently in order to constantly maintain the operational capacity of the devices at a high level.

However, good storage also implies security and access that one or more users may have to the documents. Cyber ​​or digital attacks are becoming more developed and unpredictable, and the risk of an attacker gaining access to or even destroying documents is quite high. Also, keep in mind that problems with hardware components can lead to the irretrievable loss of various documents.

Therefore, cloud storage is used to keep data in a safe and easily accessible place, regardless of the device used. However, users should know what the cloud is, what are the advantages and disadvantages of using it, as well as what are the types of cloud services.

1. What is cloud storage?

To understand what cloud means and how it works, it should be mentioned that it is a different technology than web hosting, even if it still works online and requires an internet connection. While web hosting involves securing a domain for a website, cloud storage provides an external memory that can be accessed online, where data can be stored.

2. Definition of cloud storage

Cloud storage is a data storage model in which data is distributed in online documents. These documents are managed by various servers managed, in turn, by a hosting company. Cloud storage service providers are responsible for both data protection and access to data. Therefore, individuals or companies buy or rent storage space that they use for their own purposes.

3. How does cloud storage work?

Some cloud storage space is purchased from a provider who owns and manages it and makes it available to the user for a fee. These providers are responsible for the capacity, security and durability of storage spaces, so that data is accessible to users wherever they are and regardless of the device they use, as long as they have an Internet connection.

4. What can cloud storage be used for?

Even if the main goal is to save data, it helps save device memory.

However, cloud technology can be used in other ways as well, especially when it comes to data security or data recovery if it has been lost from a certain source. These methods also depend on the main interest of the user.

Data recovery

Backup and recovery play an essential role, ensuring that data is protected and accessible. Thus, if data is lost from the internal memory of a device, it remains accessible in the cloud. In addition, device data can be constantly updated, so everything new automatically appears in the cloud by creating a duplicate document.

Software testing

For testing of new software or an upgrade, separate, independent, and duplicate storage media may be required for these software to be developed, managed, and stopped when necessary.

Developers around the world are turning to pay-as-you-go storage options that make it easier to manage new software and reduce related costs.

Data migration

The availability, durability, and economic benefits of cloud storage are very important to business owners, but also to those who provide storage, backup, network, or data security services. Cloud data migration services can simplify this process by avoiding high internet network costs, long transfer times, and security issues.

5. The advantages of cloud storage

Obviously, there are some specific advantages of cloud storage. These are essential for those who need storage spaces and especially for companies that work with large volumes of data for which they need adequate protection. In addition, they can be chosen according to the user’s requirements, to ensure the space you need.

Data security

Cloud storage is essential to keep data and documents in a safe place. The systems that help protect them are very well developed, and those who manage cloud spaces are constantly making sure they are up to date to keep up with ever-developing attackers. Also, if an attack targets a specific device, the data can be recovered from the cloud.

Financial savings

One of the biggest advantages of cloud storage is the fact that it is a solution that helps reduce equipment costs. This is more advantageous for companies that, without the possibility of cloud storage, need to buy additional equipment, such as external HDDs, to store their data in large volumes.

Data replication

Data replication is also a form of data protection. In fact, this process consists of storing them both in the cloud and in another memory, most often it is the internal memory of the device. However, through replication, access to data is ensured even when it is lost from the device due to other causes, such as irreparable technical failures.

6. Disadvantages of cloud storage

There are also a number of disadvantages that come with using cloud storage. These do not fatally affect data security, but may have an effect on upload or download speeds in a certain environment. However, some of the disadvantages may only appear in a specific context where multiple devices are used on a single Internet connection and are not constantly present.

Affecting the connection speed

This is a disadvantage that can be felt especially in an environment where there is only one Internet connection or very little compared to the number of connected devices. Therefore, they will have to use a single cloud source, which can affect the speed of connection operation. Most of the time, situations like this can be found in large companies that use many devices and continuously store data.

Propensity for online attacks

Even if the security of the data stored in the online environment is at a high level, attacks can still appear. Additionally, servers containing stored data are preferred targets for attackers, which means that attempts can occur at any time. Instead, there are many types of software that ensure the security of this data and are regularly developed.

Slow server restore

Restoring an entire server may take longer. Instead, file restores are performed just as quickly. In addition, it is recommended to create duplicates of the saved data, especially if there are situations where a user depends on having a certain time in which to perform the restore. In this way, constant access to data is ensured.

7. Types of cloud storage

Based on their requirements and needs, companies can choose where, when and how they use cloud computing technology to ensure efficient and reliable data management.

There are various types of cloud computing. However, three models are the main ones in terms of their implementation and the cloud services that they offer and that can provide the hosting that a company needs.

8. Public cloud storage

The public cloud is owned by a third-party provider and is accessible to many companies. This type of cloud helps companies save money and the provider is responsible for building and maintaining the entire system.

Public clouds are ideal for small and medium-sized businesses that are on a budget but need a fast and easy platform to work on.

9. Private cloud storage This type of storage offers a customized infrastructure for a single company. Thus, control belongs to the company that owns the storage space.

While this solution can be expensive, it can offer a higher level of security and more autonomy to customize storage data for larger enterprises.

10. Hybrid cloud storage

Hybrid storage is recommended for businesses that want to take advantage of public and private options.


Cloud storage is one of the most secure and advantageous data storage options. Therefore, it is used both at the individual level and by companies.